Pehea e ʻeli ai no ka wai e like me ka ʻāina

No ka ʻeli luawai awelika, ʻaʻohe mea ʻeli ʻana o kahi rig ʻeli luawai wai ma mua o ka loaʻa koke ʻana o ke kūlana ʻeli o kahi nui o ka wai. Inā lawa ʻole ka ʻike, malia e ʻeli ʻia ka luawai me ka wai ʻole.

No laila pehea e loaʻa ai ka wai e like me nā ʻano o ka ʻāina?

1. "Koho i ka honua a loaʻa ka wai ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi." ʻO ka wai honua ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hoʻopuni ʻia e nā kuahiwi, kahe ka wai o ka wai i ka wai o ka wai o ka honua i ka ikaika, no laila ke wili ʻia ka luawai kokoke i ka wai o ka wai o ka wai, nui ka wai.

2. “Aia he auwai ma waena o nā kuahiwi ʻelua, a aia ka wai e kahe ana ma ka pōhaku lua. Aia kekahi awāwa ma waena o nā kuahiwi ʻelua, a maʻalahi e ʻike i nā kumu wai i nā papa pōhaku ma nā kapa ʻelua o ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ke awāwa.

3. "Puka nā auwai ʻelua a holo ka wai puna." Aia paha he wai puna ma lalo o ka waha mauna kahi e hui ai nā ʻauwai ʻelua. Inā ʻeli ʻoe i kahi luawai ma aneʻi, ʻoi aku ka hilinaʻi o ke kumu wai.

4. "Shanzui vs. Shanzui, aia kahi wai maikaʻi ma lalo o ka waha". Kū'ē nā lua ʻelua a kokoke kekahi i kekahi. Pālahalaha ka ʻāina ma lalo o nā kaha ʻelua. Maʻalahi e huki wai i ka wā e ʻeli ʻana i nā luawai ma ka laka.

5. "Ua maloʻo pinepine nā mauna ʻelua a me ka mauna hoʻokahi." Inā lilo ka papa pōhaku ma lalo o ka Gushan i papa wai-hōʻoia ma muli o ka loli kūloko o ka lithology, hiki iā ia ke pale i ke kahe o ka wai honua, a ma ka ʻeli ʻana i kahi luawai o uka o Gushan, hiki ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka wai.

6. "Mālama nā waha ʻelua i hoʻokahi waha, aia ka wai puna ma lalo". ʻOi aku ka lōʻihi o nā kuahiwi ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua a aia kekahi mauna pōkole ma ka waena. Ma ka waha o ka mauna waena, inā aia kahi permeable layer ma ka piko a me kahi papa imperhens ma lalo, hiki ke hoʻopuka ʻia nā luawai e nā luawai ʻeli i nā wahi haʻahaʻa.

7. "Haahaa nā mauna, a nui ka wai o ka puna i ka ʻeli ʻana i nā luawai." Pili nā mauna i kēia manawa a komo i loko o ka wai, a hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka wai o ka wai i loko o ka loko wai kahi e kūpono ai ka palapala ʻāina o ka welelau hohonu.

8. "Huli ke kuahiwi i kona poʻo a aia ka wai". ʻO ka wahi haʻahaʻa o ke kai kūʻono i kumu ʻia e ka wili ʻana o nā kuahiwi e ālai ana i ka wai o ka honua e kahe ana mai ka mauna, e hoʻonui ana i ka loko wai, a aia ka wai i ka luawai

9. "Convex mauna i concave mauna, wai maikaʻi i loko o ka concave lumi". Kuhi ʻia ke ʻano o kekahi mauna i ka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao, a ʻo ke ʻano o kekahi mauna ʻē e kolo i loko. ʻO ka convex a me ka concave e kū pono ana. Maikaʻi ke kumu wai i ka hapa haʻahaʻa o ka mauna concave, a nui ka wai o nā luawai ʻeli.

10. “Poha mai ka mauna nui mai kahi pū aku, a nui ka wai i loko o ka luawai.” Kū ka mauna pōkole ma waena o ka mauna Changshan. ʻO nā luawai e ʻeli ana ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ka pali o kēia mauna ʻo Tsui e hoʻohua mau i ka wai.

11. "Bay to bay, ʻaʻole maloʻo ka wai". Ke kū pono nei nā ʻaoʻao kuahiwi ʻelua, a loaʻa nā wai a me nā mea kanu wai maikaʻi i waenakonu o ke kai kūʻono, kahi ʻano o nā kahawai i nā kuahiwi. Kī ʻia nā luawai a he mau punawai maikaʻi.

12. "Ka hui o nā kuahiwi ʻelua, aia kahi kahe puna". Ma ka laulaha, aia ka nele o ka wai kahe ma waena o nā kuahiwi. Hoʻokuʻu paha ke kau ua i ka wai ma ka hui, a puka aʻe ka wai wai i ka wā maloʻo ma ke ʻano he pūnāwai i ka hui.

13. "Nui nā ʻiliʻili ma ke kahawai, a ʻo ka luʻu ʻana i lalo e like me ka muliwai ʻeleʻele." ʻOiai ua maloʻo nā kahawai i ka hoʻoilo, aia nā kahe luʻu ma lalo o nā kahawai i hiki ke keʻakeʻa a mālama i ka wai a huki i nā luawai e huki wai.

14. E nānā i nā kahawai kahawai kahiko ma ka muliwai. ʻOiai kanu ʻia ke kahawai kahawai i kēia manawa, he ʻiliʻili ka aquifer, a aia nō ke kahe ʻana o ka luʻu, kahi maikaʻi e ʻeli nā luawai.


Ka manawa Post: Mei-20-2021